History 41

From the quiz on 8/8/17.

  1. In 2003, a truck bomb exploded at the Canal Hotel, the UN’s headquarters in which Asian capital city? Baghdad

  2. Who was the longest-ruling female Tsar of Russia? Catherine II (Catherine the Great)

  3. Since 1513, all Kings of Denmark have alternated between which two regnal names? Christian and Frederick

  4. In which war of the 19th century did British forces burn the Capitol Building and White House in Washington DC? War of 1812

  5. Emiliano Zapata and Pancho Villa were prominent figures in which country’s revolution in the early 20th century? Mexico

  6. In 1882, the Triple Alliance was signed in secret by the Austro-Hungarian Empire and which two other European states? Germany and Italy

  7. Which British company manufactured the First World War fighter biplane known as the Camel? Sopwith

  8. In what year was the Sunday Trading Act brought into force in the UK, the National Lottery first drawn and the Channel Tunnel opened? 1994

  9. In archaeology, what name, from the Greek for “standing block”, is given to an upright stone slab typically inscribed with a commemorative message and often used as a gravestone? Stele/stela

  10. The Treaty of Windsor, which established the world’s oldest alliance that is still in existence, was signed in 1386 by England and which European country? Portugal

History 40

From the quiz on 18/7/17.

  1. What psychological term has its origins in a 1973 bank robbery at Norrmalmstorg square in Sweden? Stockholm syndrome

  2. In which war were Operation Frequent Wind, the Battle of Hamburger Hill and the Tet Offensive? Vietnam War

  3. What did Thomas Blood attempt to steal from the Tower of London in 1671? Crown Jewels

  4. The Tunguska event, a mysterious large explosion probably caused by a meteorite or comet, occurred in 1908 in which country? Russia

  5. The Iran–Contra affair of the mid-1980s involved Ronald Reagan’s administration secretly selling arms to Iran in order to fund counter-revolutionaries in which Central American country? Nicaragua

  6. Which city was captured on 15th July 1099 at the climax of the First Crusade? Jerusalem

  7. In which year of the 16th century did Philip II send the Spanish Armada to invade Britain? 1588

  8. Which European country lays claim to being the world’s oldest surviving republic, having been declared independent from the Roman Empire in 301? San Marino

  9. In 1865, at the Appomattox Court House in Virginia, Confederate general Robert E. Lee surrendered his army to which future US President? Ulysses S. Grant

  10. Who are the only two monarchs of the UK to have been succeeded by their siblings? George IV and Edward VIII

History 39

From the quiz on 20/6/17.

  1. What was Robert the Bruce’s regnal number as King of Scotland? I

  2. The land bought in the Gadsden Purchase of 1853 forms part of which two modern-day US states? Arizona and New Mexico

  3. In 1834, six farmhands from which village in Dorset were arrested and sent to an Australian penal colony for secretly establishing an early kind of trade union to protect their wages? Tolpuddle

  4. The largest non-British contingent of fighter pilots during the Battle of Britain came from which European country? Poland

  5. On which Mediterranean island was Napoleon Bonaparte born in 1769? Corsica

  6. In which year of the 19th century were the opening of Paddington station, the maiden voyage of Brunel’s SS Great Western, and Queen Victoria’s coronation? 1838

  7. What name, referring to the fact that patrons must keep quiet about its location, was given to an illegal saloon in the US during Prohibition? Speakeasy

  8. The largest explosion on UK soil occurred in 1944 at RAF Fauld, an underground munitions depot in which English county? Staffordshire

  9. In 1932–33, the catastrophic man-made famine known as Holodomor befell which Soviet republic? Ukraine

  10. In his 1941 State of the Union address, Franklin D. Roosevelt proposed that people “everywhere in the world” ought to have freedom of speech, freedom of worship and freedom from which two things? Want and fear

History 38

From the quiz on 23/5/17.

  1. In 1973, Henry Kissinger and Lê Đức Thọ were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts in negotiating the end of which war via the Paris Peace Accords? Vietnam War

  2. By what animal nickname, under which he was exhibited at Victorian freak shows, was Joseph Merrick better known? Elephant Man

  3. The 1702–15 War of the Spanish Succession was precipitated by the death in 1700 of which infirm King of Spain? Charles II

  4. In which English county is Sutton Hoo, an important Anglo-Saxon royal burial site that was initially excavated by Basil Brown in 1939? Suffolk

  5. What were the surnames of the two University of Chicago students who became an American cause célèbre after they kidnapped and murdered a 14-year-old boy named Bobby Franks in 1924? Leopold and Loeb

  6. The ancient Roman lorica segmentata, lorica hamata and lorica squamata are all examples of what military equipment? Body armour

  7. Which French author wrote the influential open letter J’accuse…! about the wrongful conviction of Alfred Dreyfus? Émile Zola

  8. In which US state did American soldiers slaughter hundreds of Native Americans at Wounded Knee in 1890? South Dakota

  9. The Histories is the only known work of which Greek historian active during the 5th century BC? Herodotus

  10. What is the name of the French flagship whose magazines caught fire and exploded at the Battle of the Nile in 1798? Orient

Specialist: UK Prime Ministers

From the quiz on 16/5/17.

  1. By what title is British PM Arthur Wellesley more commonly known? Duke of Wellington

  2. Who is the only British PM to have won a Nobel Prize? Winston Churchill

  3. Which two-time British PM was the first of Jewish ancestry, was created Earl of Beaconsfield by Queen Victoria, and declared “I have climbed to the top of the greasy pole” on succeeding the Earl of Derby? Benjamin Disraeli

  4. Who is the only British PM not to have been born in the British Isles? Andrew Bonar Law

  5. Which two-time British PM was the recipient of the second-ever Pipe Smoker of the Year award, went by his middle name instead of his first name, James, and lends his surname to a doctrine stating that MPs’ communications should not be intercepted? Harold Wilson

History 37

From the quiz on 2/5/17.

  1. USS Nautilus (launched in 1954) was the world’s first submarine to use what form of power? Nuclear power

  2. What French animal name was given to the heir apparent to the French throne, the eldest son of the king of France? Dauphin

  3. Which empire was defeated at the Battles of Lepanto (1571), Vienna (1683), Abukir (1799) and Sinop (1853)? Ottoman

  4. To which British king was Mary of Teck queen consort? George V

  5. By what nickname, in reference to both his South American roots and a novel by Frederick Forsyth, is Venezuelan terrorist Ilyich Ramírez Sánchez more commonly known? Carlos the Jackal

  6. Which European country invaded Abyssinia (Ethiopia) in 1935 and annexed it upon victory the following year? Italy

  7. In which town in southwestern France did Saint Bernadette Soubirous see visions of the Virgin Mary and discover a holy healing spring in 1858? Lourdes

  8. In a speech delivered in Berlin in 1987, which head of state famously said “Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate. Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!”? Ronald Reagan

  9. In which castle in Northamptonshire was Richard III born in 1452 and Mary, Queen of Scots executed in 1587? Fotheringhay

  10. The Nazi German Panzer VIII, which at 188 tonnes remains the heaviest tank ever built, was given what somewhat inappropriate animal name? Maus (“Mouse”)

History 36

From the quiz on 11/4/17.

  1. The Zapruder film is a video recording of the assassination of which US President? John F. Kennedy

  2. The February Revolution (1917), November Uprising (1830–31) and Decembrist Revolt (1825) were rebellions against which country? Russia

  3. According to sources such as the Aeneid, Dido was the founder and first queen of which ancient city–state? Carthage

  4. In 1997, who became the first female US Secretary of State? Madeleine Albright

  5. Which royal house ruled France from the accession of Henry IV in 1589 until the monarchy was overthrown in 1848? Bourbon

  6. The Battle of Edgehill (1642) was the first pitched battle of which war? (First) English Civil War

  7. In 1947, a top-secret US Air Force balloon crashed near which city in New Mexico, sparking a deluge of UFO conspiracy theories and allegations of a cover-up? Roswell

  8. The Vietnam War ended shortly after which city was captured by North Vietnam and the Viet Cong on 30th April 1975? Saigon (now Ho Chi Minh City)

  9. Juvénal Habyarimana and Cyprien Ntaryamira, who were killed in 1994 when their aeroplane was shot down over Kigali, were the respective presidents of which two neighbouring African countries? Rwanda and Burundi

  10. What method connects the murders of Deng Xiaoping’s son Pufang in 1968, King Alexander I and Queen Draga of Serbia in 1903, and Queen Jezebel (according to the Book of Kings)? Defenestration (being thrown out a window)