History 43

From the quiz on 12/9/17.

  1. During his inauguration as 35th US President, who famously stated “ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country”? John F. Kennedy

  2. After an eight-year civil war that ended in 1975, which country was taken over by the despotic Khmer Rouge and renamed Democratic Kampuchea? Cambodia

  3. What colour links coats worn by British soldiers (especially during the American War of Independence), caps worn by supporters of the French Revolution and shirts worn by followers of Italian revolutionary Giuseppe Garibaldi? Red

  4. Which British king had 15 children by his wife Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and assembled the so-called King’s Library, a collection of some 65,000 books that would later form the nucleus of the library at the British Museum? George III

  5. While hiding out in a farmhouse after stealing over £2.5 million, the Great Train Robbers used the money to play which board game, which was eventually used as fingerprint evidence in court? Monopoly



History 42

From the quiz on 29/8/17.

  1. In 1871, which US city was hit by a major fire reputedly caused by a cow knocking over a lantern in a barn? Chicago

  2. In which country is Abu Ghraib prison, which was at the centre of an abuse scandal in 2003–4? Iraq

  3. In 1901, which US President was assassinated by Leon Czolgosz at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York? William McKinley

  4. Henry VIII is buried at St George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle alongside which of his wives? Jane Seymour

  5. In which year was Marie Antoinette born, Samuel Johnson’s A Dictionary of the English Language published and Lisbon almost completely destroyed by a powerful earthquake? 1755

  6. The double crown known as the pschent was worn by rulers of which civilization after its unification circa 3000 BC? Ancient Egypt

  7. In 2002, Steve Fossett became the first person to complete a non-stop solo circumnavigation in what type of transport? Hot air balloon

  8. By what nickname, in reference to their success in North Africa during World War II, was the British 7th Armoured Division more commonly known? Desert Rats

  9. Which US Founding Father is generally credited with the invention of bifocal glasses? Benjamin Franklin

  10. What is the name of the “missing link” between ape and modern man that was purportedly discovered by amateur archaeologist Charles Dawson in 1912, but exposed as a hoax in 1953? Piltdown Man

History 41

From the quiz on 8/8/17.

  1. In 2003, a truck bomb exploded at the Canal Hotel, the UN’s headquarters in which Asian capital city? Baghdad

  2. Who was the longest-ruling female Tsar of Russia? Catherine II (Catherine the Great)

  3. Since 1513, all Kings of Denmark have alternated between which two regnal names? Christian and Frederick

  4. In which war of the 19th century did British forces burn the Capitol Building and White House in Washington DC? War of 1812

  5. Emiliano Zapata and Pancho Villa were prominent figures in which country’s revolution in the early 20th century? Mexico

  6. In 1882, the Triple Alliance was signed in secret by the Austro-Hungarian Empire and which two other European states? Germany and Italy

  7. Which British company manufactured the First World War fighter biplane known as the Camel? Sopwith

  8. In what year was the Sunday Trading Act brought into force in the UK, the National Lottery first drawn and the Channel Tunnel opened? 1994

  9. In archaeology, what name, from the Greek for “standing block”, is given to an upright stone slab typically inscribed with a commemorative message and often used as a gravestone? Stele/stela

  10. The Treaty of Windsor, which established the world’s oldest alliance that is still in existence, was signed in 1386 by England and which European country? Portugal

History 40

From the quiz on 18/7/17.

  1. What psychological term has its origins in a 1973 bank robbery at Norrmalmstorg square in Sweden? Stockholm syndrome

  2. In which war were Operation Frequent Wind, the Battle of Hamburger Hill and the Tet Offensive? Vietnam War

  3. What did Thomas Blood attempt to steal from the Tower of London in 1671? Crown Jewels

  4. The Tunguska event, a mysterious large explosion probably caused by a meteorite or comet, occurred in 1908 in which country? Russia

  5. The Iran–Contra affair of the mid-1980s involved Ronald Reagan’s administration secretly selling arms to Iran in order to fund counter-revolutionaries in which Central American country? Nicaragua

  6. Which city was captured on 15th July 1099 at the climax of the First Crusade? Jerusalem

  7. In which year of the 16th century did Philip II send the Spanish Armada to invade Britain? 1588

  8. Which European country lays claim to being the world’s oldest surviving republic, having been declared independent from the Roman Empire in 301? San Marino

  9. In 1865, at the Appomattox Court House in Virginia, Confederate general Robert E. Lee surrendered his army to which future US President? Ulysses S. Grant

  10. Who are the only two monarchs of the UK to have been succeeded by their siblings? George IV and Edward VIII

History 39

From the quiz on 20/6/17.

  1. What was Robert the Bruce’s regnal number as King of Scotland? I

  2. The land bought in the Gadsden Purchase of 1853 forms part of which two modern-day US states? Arizona and New Mexico

  3. In 1834, six farmhands from which village in Dorset were arrested and sent to an Australian penal colony for secretly establishing an early kind of trade union to protect their wages? Tolpuddle

  4. The largest non-British contingent of fighter pilots during the Battle of Britain came from which European country? Poland

  5. On which Mediterranean island was Napoleon Bonaparte born in 1769? Corsica

  6. In which year of the 19th century were the opening of Paddington station, the maiden voyage of Brunel’s SS Great Western, and Queen Victoria’s coronation? 1838

  7. What name, referring to the fact that patrons must keep quiet about its location, was given to an illegal saloon in the US during Prohibition? Speakeasy

  8. The largest explosion on UK soil occurred in 1944 at RAF Fauld, an underground munitions depot in which English county? Staffordshire

  9. In 1932–33, the catastrophic man-made famine known as Holodomor befell which Soviet republic? Ukraine

  10. In his 1941 State of the Union address, Franklin D. Roosevelt proposed that people “everywhere in the world” ought to have freedom of speech, freedom of worship and freedom from which two things? Want and fear

History 38

From the quiz on 23/5/17.

  1. In 1973, Henry Kissinger and Lê Đức Thọ were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts in negotiating the end of which war via the Paris Peace Accords? Vietnam War

  2. By what animal nickname, under which he was exhibited at Victorian freak shows, was Joseph Merrick better known? Elephant Man

  3. The 1702–15 War of the Spanish Succession was precipitated by the death in 1700 of which infirm King of Spain? Charles II

  4. In which English county is Sutton Hoo, an important Anglo-Saxon royal burial site that was initially excavated by Basil Brown in 1939? Suffolk

  5. What were the surnames of the two University of Chicago students who became an American cause célèbre after they kidnapped and murdered a 14-year-old boy named Bobby Franks in 1924? Leopold and Loeb

  6. The ancient Roman lorica segmentata, lorica hamata and lorica squamata are all examples of what military equipment? Body armour

  7. Which French author wrote the influential open letter J’accuse…! about the wrongful conviction of Alfred Dreyfus? Émile Zola

  8. In which US state did American soldiers slaughter hundreds of Native Americans at Wounded Knee in 1890? South Dakota

  9. The Histories is the only known work of which Greek historian active during the 5th century BC? Herodotus

  10. What is the name of the French flagship whose magazines caught fire and exploded at the Battle of the Nile in 1798? Orient

Specialist: UK Prime Ministers

From the quiz on 16/5/17.

  1. By what title is British PM Arthur Wellesley more commonly known? Duke of Wellington

  2. Who is the only British PM to have won a Nobel Prize? Winston Churchill

  3. Which two-time British PM was the first of Jewish ancestry, was created Earl of Beaconsfield by Queen Victoria, and declared “I have climbed to the top of the greasy pole” on succeeding the Earl of Derby? Benjamin Disraeli

  4. Who is the only British PM not to have been born in the British Isles? Andrew Bonar Law

  5. Which two-time British PM was the recipient of the second-ever Pipe Smoker of the Year award, went by his middle name instead of his first name, James, and lends his surname to a doctrine stating that MPs’ communications should not be intercepted? Harold Wilson