History 39

From the quiz on 20/6/17.

  1. What was Robert the Bruce’s regnal number as King of Scotland? I

  2. The land bought in the Gadsden Purchase of 1853 forms part of which two modern-day US states? Arizona and New Mexico

  3. In 1834, six farmhands from which village in Dorset were arrested and sent to an Australian penal colony for secretly establishing an early kind of trade union to protect their wages? Tolpuddle

  4. The largest non-British contingent of fighter pilots during the Battle of Britain came from which European country? Poland

  5. On which Mediterranean island was Napoleon Bonaparte born in 1769? Corsica

  6. In which year of the 19th century were the opening of Paddington station, the maiden voyage of Brunel’s SS Great Western, and Queen Victoria’s coronation? 1838

  7. What name, referring to the fact that patrons must keep quiet about its location, was given to an illegal saloon in the US during Prohibition? Speakeasy

  8. The largest explosion on UK soil occurred in 1944 at RAF Fauld, an underground munitions depot in which English county? Staffordshire

  9. In 1932–33, the catastrophic man-made famine known as Holodomor befell which Soviet republic? Ukraine

  10. In his 1941 State of the Union address, Franklin D. Roosevelt proposed that people “everywhere in the world” ought to have freedom of speech, freedom of worship and freedom from which two things? Want and fear

History 38

From the quiz on 23/5/17.

  1. In 1973, Henry Kissinger and Lê Đức Thọ were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts in negotiating the end of which war via the Paris Peace Accords? Vietnam War

  2. By what animal nickname, under which he was exhibited at Victorian freak shows, was Joseph Merrick better known? Elephant Man

  3. The 1702–15 War of the Spanish Succession was precipitated by the death in 1700 of which infirm King of Spain? Charles II

  4. In which English county is Sutton Hoo, an important Anglo-Saxon royal burial site that was initially excavated by Basil Brown in 1939? Suffolk

  5. What were the surnames of the two University of Chicago students who became an American cause célèbre after they kidnapped and murdered a 14-year-old boy named Bobby Franks in 1924? Leopold and Loeb

  6. The ancient Roman lorica segmentata, lorica hamata and lorica squamata are all examples of what military equipment? Body armour

  7. Which French author wrote the influential open letter J’accuse…! about the wrongful conviction of Alfred Dreyfus? Émile Zola

  8. In which US state did American soldiers slaughter hundreds of Native Americans at Wounded Knee in 1890? South Dakota

  9. The Histories is the only known work of which Greek historian active during the 5th century BC? Herodotus

  10. What is the name of the French flagship whose magazines caught fire and exploded at the Battle of the Nile in 1798? Orient

Specialist: UK Prime Ministers

From the quiz on 16/5/17.

  1. By what title is British PM Arthur Wellesley more commonly known? Duke of Wellington

  2. Who is the only British PM to have won a Nobel Prize? Winston Churchill

  3. Which two-time British PM was the first of Jewish ancestry, was created Earl of Beaconsfield by Queen Victoria, and declared “I have climbed to the top of the greasy pole” on succeeding the Earl of Derby? Benjamin Disraeli

  4. Who is the only British PM not to have been born in the British Isles? Andrew Bonar Law

  5. Which two-time British PM was the recipient of the second-ever Pipe Smoker of the Year award, went by his middle name instead of his first name, James, and lends his surname to a doctrine stating that MPs’ communications should not be intercepted? Harold Wilson

History 37

From the quiz on 2/5/17.

  1. USS Nautilus (launched in 1954) was the world’s first submarine to use what form of power? Nuclear power

  2. What French animal name was given to the heir apparent to the French throne, the eldest son of the king of France? Dauphin

  3. Which empire was defeated at the Battles of Lepanto (1571), Vienna (1683), Abukir (1799) and Sinop (1853)? Ottoman

  4. To which British king was Mary of Teck queen consort? George V

  5. By what nickname, in reference to both his South American roots and a novel by Frederick Forsyth, is Venezuelan terrorist Ilyich Ramírez Sánchez more commonly known? Carlos the Jackal

  6. Which European country invaded Abyssinia (Ethiopia) in 1935 and annexed it upon victory the following year? Italy

  7. In which town in southwestern France did Saint Bernadette Soubirous see visions of the Virgin Mary and discover a holy healing spring in 1858? Lourdes

  8. In a speech delivered in Berlin in 1987, which head of state famously said “Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate. Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!”? Ronald Reagan

  9. In which castle in Northamptonshire was Richard III born in 1452 and Mary, Queen of Scots executed in 1587? Fotheringhay

  10. The Nazi German Panzer VIII, which at 188 tonnes remains the heaviest tank ever built, was given what somewhat inappropriate animal name? Maus (“Mouse”)

History 36

From the quiz on 11/4/17.

  1. The Zapruder film is a video recording of the assassination of which US President? John F. Kennedy

  2. The February Revolution (1917), November Uprising (1830–31) and Decembrist Revolt (1825) were rebellions against which country? Russia

  3. According to sources such as the Aeneid, Dido was the founder and first queen of which ancient city–state? Carthage

  4. In 1997, who became the first female US Secretary of State? Madeleine Albright

  5. Which royal house ruled France from the accession of Henry IV in 1589 until the monarchy was overthrown in 1848? Bourbon

  6. The Battle of Edgehill (1642) was the first pitched battle of which war? (First) English Civil War

  7. In 1947, a top-secret US Air Force balloon crashed near which city in New Mexico, sparking a deluge of UFO conspiracy theories and allegations of a cover-up? Roswell

  8. The Vietnam War ended shortly after which city was captured by North Vietnam and the Viet Cong on 30th April 1975? Saigon (now Ho Chi Minh City)

  9. Juvénal Habyarimana and Cyprien Ntaryamira, who were killed in 1994 when their aeroplane was shot down over Kigali, were the respective presidents of which two neighbouring African countries? Rwanda and Burundi

  10. What method connects the murders of Deng Xiaoping’s son Pufang in 1968, King Alexander I and Queen Draga of Serbia in 1903, and Queen Jezebel (according to the Book of Kings)? Defenestration (being thrown out a window)

History 35

From the quiz on 14/3/17.

  1. In 1939, Winston Churchill described the action of which country as “a riddle, wrapped in a mystery, inside an enigma”? Russia/Soviet Union

  2. Jean Bastien-Thiry, the last person executed by firing squad in France, was sentenced to death after his assassination attempt against which French President in 1962? Charles de Gaulle

  3. Which religious figure was born Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu in modern-day Skopje, Macedonia in 1910 and was canonized by the Roman Catholic Church in 2016? Mother Teresa

  4. Of what are the Ancient Roman follis, siliqua, as, solidus and sestertius all examples? Coins

  5. What is the name of the silversmith who in 1775 rode from Boston to warn the towns of Lexington and Concord about approaching British forces? Paul Revere

  6. In which year of the 17th century did Robert Hooke publish his Micrographia, Charles II become King of Spain and the Great Plague begin in London? 1665

  7. Anzac Day, observed in Australia and New Zealand on 25th April, originally commemorated soldiers who died during which campaign of the First World War? Gallipoli

  8. What name, ultimately from the Latin for “servant”, is given to both a subordinate country and a holder of land who has pledged feudal allegiance to their lord? Vassal

  9. From 1782 to his death in 1799, Tipu Sultan was the ruler of which kingdom centred on a city in southern India? Mysore

  10. Rigorous military training called agoge, a secret police force known as the Krypteia and a class of semi-free slaves called the helots were among the many features of which ancient city–state? Sparta

History 34

From the quiz on 7/2/17.

  1. Which royal house ruled France from the accession of Philip VI in 1328 to the death of Henry III in 1589? Valois

  2. The Battle of the Little Bighorn, also known as Custer’s Last Stand, took place in 1876 in which modern-day US state? Montana

  3. Which pretender to the British throne disguised himself as a woman and, with the assistance of Flora MacDonald, escaped to the Isle of Skye following his defeat at the Battle of Culloden in 1746? Bonnie Prince Charlie (Charles Edwart Stuart)

  4. In 1972, novelist Clifford Irving was jailed for writing a fake autobiography of which American businessman? Howard Hughes

  5. What papal name was taken by the first (and to date only) English and Dutch Popes? Adrian

  6. Which US President famously kept a sign on his desk in the Oval Office that read “The buck stops here”? Harry S. Truman

  7. With which other ship did RMS Titanic nearly collide after departing from Southampton for Cherbourg in 1912? SS City of New York

  8. By what nickname is American hunter William Frederick Cody more commonly known? Buffalo Bill

  9. In which century was Sikhism founder Guru Nanak born, the printing press introduced to Europe by Johannes Gutenberg, and Eton College founded by Henry VI? 15th

  10. Which Japanese city in Kyūshū was the original target for the nuclear bomb Fat Man (which was ultimately diverted to Nagasaki because of clouds and thick smoke caused by the firebombing of nearby Yahata the previous day)? Kokura