Science, nature & technology 36

From the quiz on 17/1/17.

  1. In computer storage, for what does the abbreviation CD-ROM stand? Compact disc read-only memory

  2. To which continent are aardvarks, wildebeests, chimpanzees, the secretarybird and the goliath frog all endemic? Africa

  3. John Flamsteed, Edmond Halley and James Bradley were the first three holders of which prestigious scientific office? Astronomer Royal

  4. Which elemental metal of the lanthanide series has atomic number 63 and the symbol Eu? Europium

  5. Which mosquito-borne disease takes its name from that of a forest in central Uganda, where the causative virus was first discovered in a rhesus monkey in 1947? Zika

  6. Which English chemist first isolated potassium, sodium, calcium, barium, magnesium and strontium, proved that diamond is a form of carbon, and invented an early type of safety lamp for miners? Humphry Davy

  7. In physics, Newton’s law of universal gravitation states that the gravitational force exerted by two point masses is inversely proportional to what power of the distance between them? Square (power 2)

  8. Which illness, caused by the neurotoxin secreted by a bacterium of the genus Clostridium, takes its name from the Latin for “sausage” because it was originally discovered in spoiled meat? Botulism

  9. Which company created the symbolic computation software Mathematica and the self-styled “computational knowledge engine” known as Alpha? Wolfram (Research)

  10. What name, from the Greek for “crescent moon”, is given to a lens that is concave on one side and convex on the other, a piece of fibrous cartilage found between bones e.g. in the knee, and the curved upper surface of a liquid in a tube? Meniscus

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