Science, nature & technology 21

From the quiz on 19/1/16.

  1. Which animal lives in a den known as a form? Hare

  2. In meteorology, what is measured on a scale of 0 to 8 (sometimes 9) oktas? Cloud cover

  3. What name, from the Greek for “wood”, is given to vascular plant tissue that carries water and dissolved nutrients upwards from the roots? Xylem

  4. In the name of the astronomical radio observatory located in New Mexico, for what does the initialism VLA stand? Very Large Array

  5. In Euclidean plane geometry, if a line has nonzero gradient m, what is the gradient of any line perpendicular to it? -1/m

  6. Building on Louis Pasteur’s germ theory of disease, which English surgeon introduced carbolic acid (phenol) as an antiseptic in the mid-1860s, thereby drastically reducing surgical mortality? Joseph Lister

  7. In human anatomy, which two veins, referred to as the superior and inferior, return deoxygenated blood to the heart? Venae cavae

  8. In 1935, English physicist James Chadwick received the Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of which subatomic particle? Neutron

  9. In 1967, American zoologist Dian Fossey founded the Karisoke research centre in Rwanda and until her death in 1985 conducted a long-term study of which great ape? (Mountain) gorilla

  10. Which two chemical elements, both named after scientists and with atomic numbers 99 and 100, were discovered in the fallout of the 1952 Ivy Mike nuclear test? Einsteinium and fermium

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