Specialist: linguistics

From the quiz on 2/6/15.

  1. What name is given to a verb (such as English ‘arrive’) that does not take a direct object? Intransitive verb

  2. In his 1957 work Syntactic Structures, which American linguist proposed “Colorless green ideas sleep furiously” as an example of a sentence that is entirely meaningless yet grammatically sound? Noam Chomsky

  3. To which major language family do Estonian, Finnish and Hungarian all belong? Uralic (more specifically: Finno-Ugric)

  4. In phonetics, what name is given to a consonant (such as [b], [d] or [g]) that is pronounced by completely closing the vocal tract and producing a sudden release of air? Stop consonant (plosive)

  5. What name, after two linguists who proposed and developed it in the mid-20th century, is given to the hypothesis that an individual’s perception of the world and categorization of experience are determined by the structure of the language they speak? Sapir–Whorf hypothesis


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